LE PERCHE


 jlesperance@hawaii.rr.com
December 2002
Jerry Lesperance


  FOREWORD

The Perche region, located 100 miles West of Paris, France, is the origin of a large number of 17th Century settlers in Quebec. I have had the good fortune to visit the region several times. Both my wife have numerous French-Canadian ancestors who originated in Perche.


THE REGION

 

Perche, located 100 miles west of Paris, has always been a Region. It has never been an official Province or a Departement of France. It was created in 1115 when the comte of Mortagne was combined with the seigneuries of Nogent and Belleme. The main city is Mortagne. Before the Revolution it was part of the Province of Normandie. In 1799 when the 34 provinces of France were changed to 96 departements, Perche was included mostly within the Department of Orne but small parts of Perche lie within the current departements of Eure-et-Loir, Eure, Sarthe and Loir-et-Cher   The parishes of St. Jean in Mortagne and St. Aubin in nearby Tourouvre accounted for a disproportionately large number of emigrants to Quebec. Fifty-three came from Mortagne and 45 came from Tourouvre.

 

Perche is a pastoral area consisting mainly of gently rolling farmland but, unlike much of France, it is blessed with some beautiful forests. It also benefits from a number of rivers and streams. It is not a particular popular tourist destination today because most visitors to France are looking for things that Perche does not offer.

 

It has been difficult for me to find the population and geographical size of Perche because it is not an “official” political subdivision of France. I would guess that the total population of Perche today is less than 200,000. Several of the larger cities today are: Nogent-le-Rotrou with 11,524 people; Mortagne-au-Perche 4,943; St-Cosmes-de-Vair 3,263; Belleme 1997; Tourouvre 1,662; and Logny-au-Perche. 1,625. I estimate the land area to be about 1,200 square miles, or about the size of Rhode Island.       


WHY THE EMIGRATION TO QUEBEC

M. and Mme. Pierre MONTAGNE of Perche, both deceased, have researched the emigration which occurred primarily in the 1640’s and 1650’s. She reminds us that the King of France was offering incentives for his people to settle in New France. One incentive was the establishment of a group called La Compagnie des Cent Associes” (The Company of One Hundred Associates” who were to create seigneuries in Quebec that could be subdivided and conceded to qualified immigrants. The apothecary and surgeon, Robert GIFFARD of Autheil in Perche, was the first to acquire a Quebec seigneury. His seigneurie was in the area presently called Montmorency County, east of the city of Quebec, with Chateau-Richer and L’Ange-Gardien, as two of the main communities. GIFFARD enlisted the aid of the brothers Jean and Noel JUCHEREAU of Tourouvre to recruit people in the area for migration to Quebec. One historian has said that Noel was one of the hundred associates. In any case Noel spent much of his time in Perche doing the actual recruiting and contracting of emigrants. Jean spent most of the time in the Province of Quebec on the receiving end of the migration. Apparently another JUCHEREAU, Pierre, was active in France in readying the emigrants. The emigrants were often hired for a period of three years. Thus they were called “Les 36 Mois”. Most of the recruits were bachelors. They were to be paid from 40 to 120 livres per year. In addition they were provided transportation to Nouvelle France and were to receive some land. Most were unskilled and illiterate.
Madame MONTAGNE tells us that Perche was not a poor area. People had the resources in Perche to acquire food and shelter. She suggests that it was the desire to try the unknown or to make a new start in another world that attracted some of the residents to sign the contract. Most of the immigrants stayed in Quebec although their contract provided for them to be returned to France after the terms of their employment in Quebec were fullfilled. On the other hand, I have reviewed the Quebec stay of thirty-nine Percheron men and two women who executed contracts before the Tourouvrain notary CHOISEAU in the years 1646 through 1651. Jette tells us only fourteen of these forty-one people permanently settled in Quebec. Incidentally the salaries of the two women were at the very low end of the scale.

THE IMMIGRANTS

 

The typical emigrant was a 37-1/2 year old illiterate bachelor from the Seigneury or Canton of Tourouvre who was a laborer or carpenter and who signed a 36 month engagement to work in New France.

The Perche pioneers were also prolific. L’Institut National d’Etudes Demographiques of the University of Montreal published “Naissance d’une Population” in 1987 which provided a lot of demographics concerning the Quebec pioneers prior to 1730. Among other lists the publication presented the ranking of the pioneers by the number of descendants they had prior to 1730, roughly three generations after their arrival in Quebec. In the top ten in Quebec there were: first  Jean GUYON & Mathurine ROBIN with 2,150 descendants; second Zacharie CLOUTIER & Sainte DUPONT  2,090; fourth  Marin BOUCHER with Julienne BARIL & Perrine MALLET 1,454; fifth Noel LANGLOIS & Francoise GRENIER  with 1,388 and tenth Nicolas PELLETIER & Jeanne de VOUZY with 939.
Most of the following list of Percheron/Percherones came from an unpublished document by Jean-Francois HUBERT-ROULEAU. Although written in Perche, it is evident that some of the author’s material came from Jette. For instance, the occupation and titles such as Seigneur of a person may have been the person’s status in New France.

 

I don’t pretend that the following is a complete list of immigrants from Perche as well as areas of Orne that are not within Perche. In abbreviated format I’ve provided when known: Name of emigrant; Occupation; accompanying family members; origin (usually the place where born); place and year of departure from France; Contract Length; Annual Salary in pounds; Whether could sign name or couldn’t sign name; Marital status; and name, place and year of marriage of single women; and page of Jette where the person can be found. If an immigrant the person is shown as “Not in Jette”, there is a high probability that the person returned to France after his or her 36- or 60-month contract was completed. I’ve indicated when death was in France if that information was available.

 

ALOGNON, Pierre (Laborer) departed from Tourouvre. 24 mo. contract 11 Mar 1647 notary CHOISEAU.  Annual salary 60 pounds. Received a pair of shoes, a hat and a homespun cloak. Single. Couldn’t write his name. Not in Jette.

AUBIN, Michel (Domestic) departed from Tourouvre. Single. Jette p21.

BARRE, Jacques (Soldier) from Argentan  (In Orne but not Perche). Jette p52.

BEAUVAIS, Jacques (Chaufronier) from Ige. Jette p70.

BELANGER, Jacques (Mason) from Sees (In Orne but not in Perche). Departed 1636 Jette p 76.

BERMEN, Claude (Judge) departed La Ferte Vidame 1662. Cousin of Jean JUCHEREAU. Jette p89.

BISSON, Florent from Contres; with wife Jeanne YVON & children Mathurine & Michel departed St-Cosme-de-Vair. Brother of Gervais BISSON; Father-in-Law of  Simon ROCHERON. Jette p107.

BISSON, Gervais (Domestic) from Contres; with wife Marie LEREAU & children Gervais & Antoine departed St-Cosme-de-Vair. Jette p107.

BOISSEL, Jacques (Mason) with wife Marie ERIPEL from the diocese of Chartres (may not be in Perche),departed about 1639.   Jette p121.

BOISSON, Jean (Gunsmith) with wife Jacqueline CHAMBOY, sisters Mathurine & Barbe , & daughters Louise & Jeanne (became a nun) departed Mortagne. Jette p932

BOUCHARD, Claude (Tailor) departed St-Cosme-de-Vair. Jette p132.

BOUCHER, Gaspard ( Woodworker) with children Pierre, Nicolas, Marie & Marguerite and related to Marin, departed Mortagne 1634. Jette p136.

BOUCHER , Marin (Mason) with 2nd wife Periine MALLET & children Francois, Louis-Marin & Jean-      Galleran, departed Mortagne 1634/5. Jette p135/6.

BOULAY, Robert with wife Francoise GRENIER & daughter Jacqueline departed Loise 1662. Jette p145.

BOYER Barbe from St-Maurice les Charencey. Married  Paul CARTIER in Quebec in 1673. Jette p205

BRUNET, Mathieu from Tourouvre or L’Aigle. Departed France in 1667. Jette p180

CHABOT, Marie departed Randonnai.   Jette p214.

CHASTEL, Thomine, widow of Jean BIGOT, with children Francoise & Jean departed La Ventrouze. Jette p100.

CHATEL, Michel departed Randonnai. Son-in-law of Aubin LAMBERT. Jette p239   

CHAUDON, Philibert departed Tourouvre 1647. 36 mo. contract 19 Mar 1647 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 90 pounds. Couldn’t sign his name. Married. Not in Jette.

CHAUVIGNY (PELTRIE), Marie-Madeleine de Dame de la, departed Bivilliers 1639. Founded the  Ursulines.  Jette p241.

CHAUVIN, Marin  departed Tourouvre 1648. 36 mo. contract 6 Mar 1648 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 40 pounds, 10 in advance. Couldn’t sign his name. Jette p241.

CHEMIN, Jean departed Randonnai 1647. 36 mo. contract 1 Mar 1648 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 66 pounds. 15 pound advance. Couldn’t sign his name. Single. Not in Jette.

CHEVALIER Charlotte, widow of Jacques GAUDRY, with sons Nicolas & Jacques, departed Feings 1651-3. Jette p472.

CLOUTIER, Zacharie (Carpenter) with wife Sainte DUPONT and children Zacharie, Jean, Anne, Charles, & Louise departed Mortagne 1634. Jette p259.

COCHEREAU, Pierre from Renouard. Returned to France. Jette p262

COSNARD, Martin departed Randonnai 1648. Furnaceman. 36 mo. contract 2 Mar 1648 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 60 pounds, 15 in advance. Didn’t know how to sign his name. Not in Jette.

COTE, Jean departed 1635 probably Mortagne. Jette p.273.

COURBIER, Guillaume from Alencon (not in Perche), departed LaRochelle 1722. Jette p283.

CRETE or CRESTE, Jean (Master cartwright) and his wife Marguerite GAULIN departed Tourouvre 1649. Jean was nephew of  Sebastien LEGRAND. Marguerite was sister of Francois & Pierre. 36 mo. contract 18 Mar 1649 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 80 pounds. Could sign his name. Jette p292.

BIDARD, Marie from Alencon (In Orne but not in Perche). Married  Honore DANIS Montreal 1659. Jette p305.

DELAUNEY, Nicholas departed Toruouvre. Jette p 320.

DODIER, Jacques (Laborer) from Champaissant. Jette p355

DODIER, Sebastien (Carpenter) departed Ige alone. Returned to France then back to Quebec with  his wife      Marie BELHOMME, and children Catherine, Sebastien, & Marie departed  Ige 1643 or 1644.  Jette p355.

DROUET, Francois probably departed from Mortagne. Jette p362.

DROUET dit LAPERCHE, Francois (Navigator) departed Tourouvre .  Returned to France. Not in Jette.

DROUIN, Robert (tiler & bricklayer) departed Pin-la-Garenne 1634. Jette p362.

DUBOIS, Jean from Senonches departed France in 1648. 36 mo. contract 17 Mar 1648 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 66 pounds. Couldn’t write his name. Returned to France. Not in Jette.

DUMORTIER, Madeleine departed Chemilly, district of Mortagne. Married Timothee ROUSSEL Quebec 1667. Jette p 1014.

DUROY, Pierre (Merchant & Boucher) from Roiville, district of Argentan, (Orne but not Perche). Jette p396.

DUTARTRE, Francois (Laborer) departed 1648  from Cherency 36 mo. contract 2 Mar 1648 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 60, 15 in advance. Couldn’t sign his name. Not in Jette.

DUTARTRE, Gilles (Gunsmith) departed from St-Sauveur de Belleme. Jette p397.

DUTEIL, Rene (Manual laborer) departed 1647 probably from Bubertre. 36 mo. contract 18 Feb 1647 Notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 100 pounds. Couldn’t sign his name. Single. Not in Jette.

ENJOUIS, Pierre (Laborer) departed 1648 probably from Cherency. 36 mo. contract 2 Mar 1648 notary CHOISNEAU. Annual salary 66 pounds, 15 in advance. Could sign his name. Single. Not in Jette.

FORESTIER, Jean  from Sees (In Orne but not in Perche. Jette p427.

FORGET, Nicolas  from Alencon, (In Orne not in Perche. Jette p428.

FORTIN, Julien from Notre-Dame-de-Vair. Jette p431.

FOURNIER, Guillaume from Coulimer, district of Argentan (In Orne but not in Perche). Jette p437.

FRONDIERE, Raoullin departed from Tourouvre 1647. 36 mo. contract 10 Apr 1647 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 90 pounds. Received a pair of shoes. Couldn’t sign his name. Single.. Not in Jette.

GADOIS, Pierre (Merchant), with wife Louise MAUGER, & children Robert & Pierre departed Ige 1636. Jette p447.

GAGNE, Louis (Miller) from Ige, with wife Marie MICHEL  & daughter Louise departed Ige 1643-44. Jette pp447-8.

GAGNE, Pierre from Ige, with wife Marguerite ROSEE from St-Jacques, Jauze & sons Louis, Pierre & Nicholas departed Courcival 1652-3. Brother of Louis GAGNE. Jette p448

ROGER Renee, widow of Pierre GAGNON, departed La Ventrouze 1643. Children (see following) departed 1635. Jette p451.

GAGNON, Jean and brothers Pierre & Mathurin (sons of Pierre & Renee ROGER) departed La Ventrouze 1635. Jette p451.

GAGNON, Marthe, illegitimate daughter of Mathurin, departed La Ventrouze 1643 (possibly with her grandmother, Renee ROGER. Jette p453.

GAGNON, Robert, cousin of Jean, Pierre & Mathurin, nephew of Pierre the older departed La Ventrouze probably 1657. Jette p453.

GAGNON, Jacques (Soldier of the Marine) from Tourouvre. Not in Jette.

GARNIER, Francois from Notre-Dame-de-Vair. Jette p467.

GAULIN, Francois and brother Pierre departed St-Martin du Vieux-Belleme. Jette 274.

GERMAIN, Robert (shoemaker) from St-Sauver de Lonlay, district of Alencon (not in Perche). Jette p490.

GERVAIS, Marin from Champsecret, district of Alencon ( not in Perche). Jette p491

GIFFORD, Robert (Surgeon, Doctor, Apothecary), with wife Marie RENOUARD & daughter Marie-Francois departed Mortagne in 1634. Jette p494.

GIGUERE, Robert departed Tourouvre 1650-1. Jette p495.

GIRARD, Pierre from Bures, district of Alencon (not in Perche).  Jette p499.

GIROUX, Toussaint (Weaver) from Reveillon or Mortagne. Jette p502.

GIROUX, Charles from Mortagne. Jette p503.

GODE, Nicolas (Master carpenter) with wife Francoise GADOIS & children Francois, Nicolas, Francoise & Mathurin departed Ige 1641-2. Jette p508.

GODEAU nee JAHAN, Jeanne with daughter Francoise departed La Ventrouze. Jette p509.

GOULET, Jacques (Miller) from Normandel & wife Marguerite MEUNIER from La Potereie, departed La Poterie 1646. Jette p518.

GOYER, Mathurin departed Tourouvre 1648. Jette p522.

GRAVEL, Joseph-Masse departed Tourouvre or Mortagne. Jette p523.

GROS-AUBRY, Jacqueline from St-Pierre de Sees (In Orne but not in Perche). Jette 531.

GROUVEL-AUBERT, Jacqueline departed La Ventrouze. Jette p025.

GUIMOND, Louis (Laborer) departed Tourouvre 1647. Six year contract 18 Feb 1647, Notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 40 Pounds. Received pair of shoes & a serge suit. Couldn’t sign his name. Single. Jette p546.

GUILLEBOURG, Charles (Laundryman) departed Tourouvre 1645. Jette p542.

GUYON, Jean (Mason & Surveyor) with son Jean departed Mortagne 1634. His wife Mathurine ROBIN with their children Simon, Marie, Claude, Denis, & Nichel departed Mortagne 1636. Daughter Barbe departed Mortagne 1652 with her husbandPierre PARADIS & their 7 children. Jette p548.

HAYOT, Thomas (Tenant farmer) with wife Jeanne BOUCHER & children Genevieve & Rodolphe departed Mortagne 1636-8. Jette p560.

HERVIEUX, Isaac (Bourgeois) from Lonlay L’Abbaye, district of Alencon (In Orne but not in Perche). Jette p568.

HOUDE, Louis (Mason) from Manou, district of Nogent-le-Rotrou. Jette p571.

HUAN, Martin (Locksmith) from Beaulieu.  36 mo. contract 9 April 1647notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 90 pounds. Could sign his name. Single. Jette p574.

HUBLIN, Nicolas departed Feings 1651. 60 month contract 22 May 1651 notary CHOISEAU. Annual    salary of 45 pounds. Given a pair of shoes. Could sign his name. Single. Not in Jette.

HUPPE, Michel (Hatter) from Alencon. (In Orne but not in Perche). Jette p582.

JARRY, Eloi  (Cartwright) departed from Ige 1654. Jette p595

JUCHEREAU, Jean (Fur merchant, Seigneur) with wife Marie LANGLOIS and children Jean, Nicolas &   Genevieve, departed La Ferte Vidame 1634. Jette p612.

LAIGU, Rene (Soldier) from Alencon (In Orne but not in Perche). Jette p631.

LAMBERT, Aubin departed Tourouvre about 1662. Cousin of Jacques GOULET and father-in-law of Michel CHATEL  Jette p637.

LANDE, Pierre (Manual Laborer) departed Ste-Ceronne du Boisey 1647. 6 yr. contract 7 Apr 1647 notary            CHOISEAU. Annual salary 78 pounds. 6 pound advance. Could sign his name. Single. Not in Jette.

LANDRY, Guillaume departed La Ventrouze. Jette p 643.

LANGLOIS, brothers Jean (Pilot) & Noel from St-Leonard des Parcs, district of Alencon (In Orne but not in Perche). Jette p645.

LAPORTE, Jacques departed Noce. Jette p650.

LARUE, Jean de from Breel, district of Argentan (not in Perche). Jette p658.

LEDUC, Jean (Lumberman), from Ige, departed La Rochelle 1644. Jette p683.

LEFEBVRE, Antoinette from Chanu, district of Argentan (In Orne but not in Perche). Married Hilaire LIMOUSIN Quebec 1671. Jette p737.

LEFORT, Antoine departed Tourouvre. Jette p 694.

LEGRAND, Jacques from L’Aigle (In Orne but not in Perche) Jette p700.

LEGRAND, Sebastien (Domestic) departed Tourouvre 1643. Not in Jette.

LEHOUX, Jacques (Coalman) with children Jean & Francoise departed La Ventrouze.  Jette p 701.

LEHOUX, Francoise from La Ventrouze. 60 mo. contract 22 May 1651 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 30 pounds. Given a pair of shoes. Couldn’t sign her name. Single. Possibly daughter of Jacques; if so, she married Robert PARE 1653 in Quebec. 

LEMATIRE, Francois (Master tailor) from Flers (In Orne but not in Perche) departed from LaRochelle 1651. Jette p703.

LEMOYNE, Barthelemi (Surgeon) departed from Pin-la-Garenne  1634. 36 mo. contract. Cousin of Robert DROUIN. Not in Jette.

LEPAGE, Barthelemi from St-Germain d’Auray, district of Argentan (In Orne but not in Perche). Jette p715.

LEREAU, Simon departed St-Cosme-de-Vair. Jette p718.

LE ROY, Jacques (Manual Laborer) from Sonchamp (Yvelines), 36 month contract 12 Feb 1647 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 100 Pounds. Single. Couldn’t sign his name. Not in Jette.

LESAGE, Louis (Domestic) from Loisal, district of Mortagne. Jette p722.

LESSARD, Etienne de from Chambois district of Argentan (not in Perche). Jette p724.

LETARTRE, Rene with wife Louise GOULET (step-sister of Jacques GOULET) and children Anne, Marie, Charles, Elizabeth, & Barbe, departed La Poterie. Jette p 726.

LEVEAU, Jacques from Chartres (In Orne but not in Perche). 36 month contract 17 Mar 1648 notary CHOISEAU. Annual Salary 66 pounds. Could sign his name. Not in Jette.

LOIGNON, Pierre (Manual Laborer) from Moussonvilliers, departed La Ventrouze 1647. Jette p 738.

LOYSEAU, Jacques (Domestic) departed Tourouvre 1647. 36 mo. contract 13 Apr 1647 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 70 pounds, received 10 pound advance & pair of shoes. Could sign his name. Single. Jette p 738.

MABILLE, Francois (Lumberman) departed Tourouvre 1646. 60 mo. contract 19 Mar 1646 Notary CHOISEAU. Couldn’t sign his name. Annual salary 90 pounds. Married. Cousin of  Michelle MABILLE who married GUILAUME PELLETIER. Not in Jette.

MAHEU, Zacharie (Domestic & Mason) with son Rene from Mortagne, departed Reveillon. Jette p752.

MAHEU, Jacques departed Bubertie. Jette p752 .

MAHEU, Pierre from Mortagne, departed Feings 1651. Son-in-law of  Robert DROUIN. 60 mo. contract 22 May 1651 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 45 pounds. Given a pair of shoes. Could sign his name. Single. Jette p753.

MALENFANT, Jean (Laborer) departed Tourouvre 1647. 60 mo. contract 18 Feb 1647. Notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 55 pounds. Received a pair of shoes. Single. Couldn’t sign his name. Not in Jette.

MALLET, Denis (Wood carver; Cabinet-maker) from Alencon (In Orne but not in Perche). Jette p759.

MANOVELY de REVEILLE, Marie-Genevieve from La Chapelle-Montligeon. Married Jean PELLETIER at Quebec in 1662. Jette p888.

MARAIS, Marin (Soldier) from Alencon (In Orne but not in Perche) departed 1665. Jette p761.

MAUFAY, Pierre from St-Cosme-de-Vair. Step brother of  Antoine ROUILLARD. Jette p270.

MERCIER, Jean (Laborer) departed St-Mard de Reno 1647. 36 mo. contract 9 Apr 1647 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 55 pounds. Could not sign his name. Single. Not in Jette.

MERCIER, Julien (Laborer) departed Tourouvre 1647. 60 month contract 5 Mar 1647 Notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 75 pounds. Couldn’t sign his name. Single. Jette p798.

MERY, Antoine (Manual Laborer) departed Tourouvre 1646. 36 mo. contract 29 Jan 1646 by Notary CHOISEAU.  Annual salary 100 Pounds. Received 52 pound advance. Couldn’t sign his name. Single. Not in Jette.

MORIN, Claire departed Mortagne 1634-6. Married Jamin BOURGUIGNON in Quebec 1636. Jette p154.

MOREL, Jacques (Soldier) from St-Font de Collieres, Sees  (In Orne but not in Perche). Jette p832.

MONTCHEVREUL, Pierre de (Sergetier) departed Courgeost 1647. 36 mo. contract 9 Apr 1647 notary HOISEAU. Annual salary 80 pounds. Could sign his name. Married. Not in Jette.

NORMAND, Gervais (Carpenter) with wife Leonarde JOINEAULT, son Jean, and his brother Jean (Carpenter ) departed Ige. Jette p853.

NORMAND, Pierre (Master Knife-Sharpener) departed St-Martin du Vieux-Belleme. Nephew of Gervais & Jean. Jette p853.

NOURY, Jacques (Habitant) departed Feings 1651. 60 mo. contract 22 May 1651 notary CHOISEAU.

              Annual salary 50 pounds. Given a pair of shoes. Single. Couldn’t sign his name.  Jette p 856.

PARADIS, Pierre (Cutlery Maker) with wife Barbe GUYON & children Marie, Jacques, Guillaume, Pierre & Jean departed Mortagne 1652. Jette p871.

PELLETIER, Guillaume (Merchant; Coal man) with wife Michele MABILLE, & son Jean departed Tourouvre 1641. Jette p887.

PELLETIER, Antoine from Bresolettes. Brother of Guillaume. Jette p888.

PEUVERT, brothers Francois & Jean-Baptiste (Notary) departed Belleme 1651. Jette p908.

PIAU, Pierre departed Tourouvre 1647. 36 mo. contract 18 Feb 1647 Notary CHOISEAU. Received a suit. Couldn’t sign his name. Single. Not in Jette.

PINGUET, Henri (Merchant & Seigneur) with wife Louise LOUSCHE & children Francoise, Noel, & Pierre departed Tourouvre 1634. Jette p922.

PITOT, Pierre (Smelter) departed Randonnai 1647. 36 mo. contract 1 Mar 1648 notary CHOISEAU.  Annual salary 66 pounds, 15 in advance. Couldn’t sign his name. Not in Jette.

POTIER, Louis (Laborer) departed Autheil 1648. 36 mo. contract 2 Mar 1648 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 60 pounds, 15 in advance. Could sign his name. Not in Jette.

POULIN, Maurice (Procurer) from Villebedin, district of Argentan (In Orne but not in Perche). Jette p938.

POULIOT, Charles (Master Carpenter) departed St-Cosme-de-Vair. Jette p940.

POUPAR, Jacques (Laborer) departed from Logny 1647. 36 mo. contract 17 Feb 1647 Notary CHOISEAU. Single. Couldn’t sign his name. Not in Jette.

PROVOST, Francois departed from Tourouvre. Jette p950.

PROVOST, Mathurin (Manual Laborer) departed from Tourouvre 1646. 36 mo. contract 5 Feb 1646            Notary CHOISEAU. Annual salaray 120 Pounds. Received 60 Pound advance. Couldn’t sign his name.   Single. Not in Jette.

RAGEOT, Gilles (Notary) departed from L’Aigle. Jette p961.

RIBAULT, Gervaise (Laborer) departed from Aulnou, Sees (not in Perche) 1648. 36 mo. contract 5 Mar 1648 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 66 pounds, 15 in advance. Couldn’t sign his name. Not in Jette.

RIDAY, Jean (Master Shoemaker) from St-Jean des Murgers, La Loupe, district of Nogent-le-Rotrou. Jette p985.

RIVARD, Nicolas departed Tourouvre 1648. Brother of Robert. 36 mo. contract 6 Mar 1648 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 66 pounds, 15 in adavance. Couldn’t sign his name. Jette p987.

RIVARD, Robert departed Tourouvre. Brother of Nicolas. Jette p987.

ROLLIN. Philippe (Soldier) from La Loupe. Jette p1005.

ROCHERON, brothers Simon & Gervais (Mason) departed St-Cosme-de-Vair. Brothers of Marie who       married Francois GAULIN.  Jette p1001/1002.

ROUILLARD, Antoine (Carpenter) departed Notre-Dame-de-Vair. Step brother of Pierre MAUFAY. Jette p1009.

ROULEAU, Gabriel (Habitant) departed Tourouvre. Jette p1011.

ROULOIS, Michel with wife Jeanne MALINE & daughters Madeleine & Jacqueline departed Notre-Dame-de-Vair. Jette p1012.

ROUSSIN, Jean (Farmer) with children Madeleine & Louise departed Tourouvre 1650. Two sons, Francois   & Nicolas departed 1647. Jette p1015.

ROUSSIN, Nicolas departed Tourouvre 1651. Son of Jean. 60 month contract 22 May 1651 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 30 pounds. Given a pair of shoes. Couldn’t sign his name. Single.  Jette p1015.

ROUSSIN, Francoise departed Tourouvre 1651. Daughter of Jean. 60 month contract 22 May 1651 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 20 pounds. Given a pair of shoes. Couldn’t sign her name. Single. Jette p1015.

ROY, Olivier from Fontenay-sur-Orne, district of Argentan (In Orne but not in Perche). Jette p1018.

ROYER, Jean from St-Cosme-de-Vair. Jette p1025.

SIGOUIN, Jean (Domestic) from La Ferte-Mace, district of Alencon  (In Orne but not in Perche). Jette    p1048.

SUPRENANT, Marin (Soldier) from St-Philibert sur Orne, district of Argentan (In Orne but not in Perche). Jette p1058.

SUPRENANT, Jacques (Soldier) possibly from St-Martin-du-Vieux-Belleme. Jette p.1058.

TAVERNIER (or LETAVERNIER), Eloi with wife Marguerite GAGNON from Tourouvre (daughter of    Renee GAGNON nee ROGER) & children Marguerite & Marie (became a nun) departed Randonnai probably 1643. Jette p1065.

TREHARD, Jean (Sergetier), departed Randonnai 1648. 36 mo. contract 2 Mar 1648 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 60 pounds, 15 in advance. Could sign his name. Not in Jette.

TREMBLAY, Pierre (Laborer) departed Randonnai 1647. Father-in-law of Nicolas ROUSSIN. 30 month contract 9 Apr 1647 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 75 pounds. Couldn’t sign his name. Single. Jette p1088.

TREMOND, Daniel (Sergetier) departed Tourouvre 1648. 36 mo. contract 26 Feb 1647 Notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 55 pounds. Received a pair of shoes. Could sign his name. Single. Not in Jette.

TROTTIER, Gilles (Laborer) with wife Catherine LOISEAU & sons Gilles, Julien, Antoine & Pierre all from Ige, departed La Rochelle 1646, Jette p1091.

TRUDEL, Jean (Weaver) departed Parfindeval. Jette p1096.

TURGEON, Charles with wife Pasquiere LEFEBVRE & children Marie-Claire, Jacques & Anne departed Mortagne 1662. Jette p1100.

VALIN, Charles (Soldier) departed Renalard. Not in Jette.

VIGNERON, Rene (Laborer) departed  L’Home-Chamondot 1647. 36 mo. contract 19 Mar 1647 notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 63 pounds. Couldn’t sign his name. Single. Not in Jette.

VISAGE, Rene (Laborer) departed Tourouvre 1647. 36 mo. contract 18 Feb 1647 Notary CHOISEAU. Annual salary 50 Pounds. Received a pair of shoes. Couldn’t sign his name. Single. Not in Jette.

 


REFERENCES

 

(All in French. To my knowledge none can be purchased in the USA)

 

Catalogue des 279 Percerons-Percherones, Ornais-Ornaises, parties pour la Nouvelle France au XVIIe, debut XVIIIe siecle by Jean-Francois Hubert-Rouleau for Le Musee d’histoire de l’emigration percheronne au Canada. An unpublished 1987 paper which in columnar format giving some detrails of 279 persons from Perche and elsewhere in Orne including children who migrated from France to Quebec primarily in the 17th century.

The data include: full name including “dit” name; place of origin; place and year of departure from France; profession; birth and death year; place of death; relation to others who migrated; and page in Jette where the person is mentioned. The paper also summarizes some of the demographics of the emigrants. It is apparent that the some of the author’s data came from Jette. 35pp.

 

Dictionnaire genealogique des familles du Quebec des origines a 1730. 1983. Rene Jette & Programme de Recherche en demographic historique de l’Universite de Montreal. 1176pp.

 

350e anniversaire du depart des premiers colonspercherons de Tourouvre au Perche a la Nouvelle France. 1984.  By M. & Mme Pierre Montagne and edited by the commune of Tourouvre. Of particular note is a page listing the essentials of engagement contract to go to France of 41 Tourouvrans before the notary Choiseau of Tourouvre. The data for each engagee included: the name of the hirer (typically one of the Juchereau brothers); the name of the recruiter (typically a Juchereau); the engagee; parish of origin of the engagee; whether or not he knew how to sign his name (in most cases, “no”); occupation; duration of contract; annual salary in livres (pounds); advance of salary; shoes or apparel given to the engagee; whether married or single; and date of contract. 21pp.

 

Au Perche des Canadiens-Francais,  1991. Mme Pierre Montagne. Provides a short biography for about 100 of the Perche emigrees. Also provides an excellent guide for those who want to visit Perche. 87pp.

 

L’Histoire de Tourouvre ses habitants a travers son patrimonie,  1980. A short town history apparently prepared by the city. Contains only two pages about the emigration to New France. 18pp.

 

L’Emigration tourouvrain au Canada, catalogue de l’exposition. 1984. Apparently by the city of Tourouvre. 18pp.

 

Naissance d’une Population. 1987.  L’Institut National d’Etudes Demographiques of the University of Montreal. An outstanding reference which gives demographics of the Quebec pioneers. 229pp.

               

I will do my best that the three societies that I belong to, American-Canadian Genealogical Society of NH, the American-French Genealogical Society of RI, and the Vermont French-Canadian Genealogical Society all have copies of all of the above.

 

I authorize persons to make copies of this paper, or portions of this paper, as long as the material is never sold. I request to be given the Web Page address if anybody places this paper or portions of it on their Web Page.